Radon is a radioactive, inert carcinogen that leaves one with a serious threat of lung cancer. According to recent studies, radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer in the United States. The most dangerous thing about radon is its detection is difficult. Since it is odorless, colorless and tasteless therefore the only way to detect its presence is the radon detection tests. Radon is naturally present in the air as well as in the soils due to its production sources.
The most significant cause of radon production is the disintegration and decay of other radioactive elements such as Uranium, Thorium and Plutonium. Despite the fact that radon has a very small half-life of only 3.8 days, yet its constant presence in the atmosphere is due to the disintegration of other radioactive materials.Being radioactive in nature itself, it starts decaying as soon as it is produced and divides into two further parts.The first part is the radiation and the second part is the daughter element. This radon along with its daughter elements is why there is Radon in home.
Radon exist in air, isn’t?
Radonnot only exists in the air but at times when its concentration increases, it starts to dissolve in the water bodies as well increasing its hazards. The important question that arises is what causes the radon fixation to increase? The abrupt increase in the amount of radon is due to the air being entrapped. The main cause of this entrapment is the absence of good ventilation and air crossing systems in houses as a result of which the naturally present radon decays and its concentration spikes.
Another source of radon in home is the underground presence of radioactive elements. The radioactive elements naturally exist in the core of the earth deep down underground. They undergo constant decomposition and produce respective daughter components and radiations. These radiations are highly permeable and carry the daughter elements along with them to the surface of the ground.
High permeability radioactive properties:
These are so penetrable that they even pass through thick and heavy concrete blocks. At times there are cracks and openings in the ground then the symptoms of radon in home founded. Once they reach the surface of the earth they use these cracks and openings to enter the houses.
|Due to the above mentioned passage of radon to enter homes, one of the remedies adopted to prevent its entrance is to seal these gaps and openings. Not only are the cracks in the ground but the small gaps between wirings and pipes sealed with cement as well. This method may prove successful for a while but it is still not a permanent solution to this problem. As established, due to their radioactive characteristics it is not difficult for these particles to pass through these fillings.
Another way to prevent a dangerous accumulation of radon in home is to use good ventilation. Central ventilation systems can be installed in houses to prevent radon poisoning. Even if these systems are unavailable, one may open windows and doors at least twice every day to allow the air to cross. These preventive measures do not even require a lot of hard work or money but they prevent drastic consequences.